Jobs, Steven Paul

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b. 24 February 1955 San Francisco, California, USA
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American engineer who, with Stephen Wozniak, built the first home computer.
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Moving with his family to Mountain View, Palo Alto, in 1960, Jobs entered Homestead High School, Cupertino, in 1968. At about the same time he joined the Explorers' Club for young engineers set up by Hewlett-Packard Company. As a result of this contact, three years later he met up with Stephen Wozniak, who was working at Hewlett-Packard and helped him with the construction of the first home computer based on the 8-bit MOS Technology 6502 microprocessor. In 1973 he went to Reid College, Portland, Oregon, to study engineering, but he dropped out in the second semester and spent time in India. On his return he obtained a job with Atari to design video games, but he soon met up again with Wozniak, who had been unable to interest Hewlett-Packard in commercial development of his home computer. Together they therefore founded Apple Computer Company to make and market it, and found a willing buyer in the Byte Shop chain store. The venture proved successful, and with the help of a financial backer, Mike Markkula, a second version, the Apple II, was developed in 1976. With Jobs as Chairman, the company experienced a phenomenal growth and by 1983 had 4,700 employees and an annual turnover of US$983 million. The company then began to run into difficulties and John Sculley, a former president of Pepsi-Cola, was brought in to manage the business while Jobs concentrated on developing new computers, including the Apple Macintosh. Eventually a power struggle developed, and with Sculley now Chairman and Chief Executive, Jobs resigned in 1985 to set up his own computer company, NeXt.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
First National Technology Medal (with Wozniak) 1985.
Further Reading
J.S.Young, 1988, Steve Jobs: The Journey is the Reward: Scott Foresman \& Co. (includes a biography and a detailed account of Apple Company).
M.Moritz, 1984, The Little Kingdom. The Private Story of Apple Computers.
KF

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jobs, Steven Paul — born Feb. 24, 1955, San Francisco, Cal., U.S. U.S. businessman. Adopted in infancy, he grew up in Los Altos. He dropped out of Reed College and went to work for Atari Corp. designing video games. In 1976 he cofounded (with Stephen Wozniak) Apple… …   Universalium

  • Jobs, Steven Paul — (n. 24 feb. 1955, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.). Empresario estadounidense. Adoptado en su infancia, creció en Los Altos. Abandonó el Reed College y se fue a trabajar para Atari Corp., diseñando juegos de vídeo. En 1976 cofundó (con Stephen… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Steven Paul Jobs — Steve Jobs (2005) Steven „Steve“ Paul Jobs (* 24. Februar 1955 in San Francisco, Kalifornien) ist Mitgründer und CEO von Apple Inc. und eine der bekanntesten Persönlichkeiten der Computerindustrie. Zusammen mit Steve Wozniak gründete er 1976… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Steven Paul Jobs — Steve Jobs Steve Jobs Steve Jobs en 2007 Naissance 24 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jobs, Steven P. — ▪ American businessman in full  Steven Paul Jobs  born Feb. 24, 1955, California       cofounder of Apple Computer, Inc. (now Apple Inc.), and a charismatic pioneer of the personal computer era.       Jobs was raised by adoptive parents in… …   Universalium

  • Paul — /pawl/ for 1 3, 5; /powl/ for 4, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c67, a missionary and apostle to the gentiles: author of several of the Epistles. Cf. Saul (def. 2). 2. Alice, 1885 1977, U.S. women s rights activist. 3. Elliot (Harold), 1891 1958, U.S …   Universalium

  • Steven — /stee veuhn/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Bochco Steven Ronald Steven Norman Carlton Jobs Steven Paul McQueen Terence Steven Spielberg Steven * * * …   Universalium

  • paúl — I (Del lat. vulgar padule < lat. palus, paludis , pantano.) ► sustantivo masculino Terreno pantanoso cubierto de hierba. SINÓNIMO paular II (De san Vicente de Paúl.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino RELIGIÓN Se aplica al clérigo que es miembro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Steven — (as used in expressions) Bochco, Steven (Ronald) Steven Norman Carlton Jobs, Steven Paul McQueen, (Terence) Steve(n) Spielberg, Steven …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jobs — Jobs,   Steve, US amerikanischer Computerpionier, *24. 2. 1955 San Francisco; Jobs Geburtsname war Steven Paul; er wurde bald nach seiner Geburt von Steve und Clara Jobs adoptiert. Seine biologische Schwester ist die Schriftstellerin Mona Simpson …   Universal-Lexikon

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